The Bible teaches that God is omnipresent, omniscient and omnipotent. Omni is a Latin word, which means ‘all.’ God is all-knowing, all-present and all-powerful God. These attributes fall in the category of ‘incommunicable’ attributes of God, which means we do not share in these attributes of God, as we are limited to place, power and personal knowledge. God is not. There are many passages in the Bible that talk about these glorious attributes of God and Psalm 139 is one of those passages.
- Omniscient God
O Lord, you have searched me and known me! You know when I sit down and when I rise up; You discern my thoughts from afar. You search out my path and my lying down and are acquainted with all my ways. Even before a word is on my tongue, behold, O Lord, you know it altogether. You hem me in, behind and before, and lay Your hand upon me. Such knowledge is too wonderful for me; it is high; I cannot attain it. (Psalm 139:1-6)
- God Knows Everything
God knows everything. He knows all creation. He determines the number of the stars; he gives to all of them their names (Psalm 147:4). He knows and sees all things. His eyes are upon all people. The God of the Bible is a God who is personal and is directly interested in our daily activities. The Psalmist concedes that the Lord knows everything that is open or hidden. He finds this knowledge of God too wonderful.
We also learn that He knows us too. He knows us better then we know ourselves.
I praise You, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made. Wonderful are Your works; my soul knows it very well. My frame was not hidden from You, when I was being made in secret, intricately woven in the depths of the earth. Your eyes saw my unformed substance; in your book were written, every one of them, the days that were formed for me, when as yet there was none of them. (Psalm 139:14-16)
- Nothing Surprises God
Even before a word is on my tongue, behold, O Lord, you know it altogether. There is nothing that God doesn’t know and there is nothing that can surprise God. We are often surprised, saddened, thrilled, happy or confused by the actions or speech of others but this isn’t true of God. He knows the actions and speeches of mankind whether performed in open or in secret. He knows the future. As one theologian writes, “the past, present and future are all present before God.”
The Bible tells us that the Lord Jesus knew what was in man’s heart. He also knew what words or actions would proceed from men of His time. Jesus Christ exercised His omnipresence when He walked on the face of this earth as man.
- Omnipresent God
God is not God because He is omnipresent, but He can be omnipresent because He is God. He is in no need to exercise this attribute to show us that He is God, He chooses to do so because all creation before Him is like a dust particle. He is present everywhere.
Where shall I go from your Spirit? Or where shall I flee from your presence? If I ascend to heaven, you are there! If I make my bed in Sheol, you are there! If I take the wings of the morning and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea, even there your hand shall lead me, and your right hand shall hold me. (Psalm 139-7-10)
- God Is Present Everywhere
The Psalmist then goes on to speak about God’s omnipresence. God is present everywhere. There is no place in the heavens or on earth where God isn’t present. This is wonderful news for those who wait upon the Lord. He is not too far from those who call upon His Name. He is close to those who fear Him. He comforts His people with His presence.
The Bible tells us that the eyes of the Lord are in every place, keeping watch on the evil and the good (Proverbs 15:3) and the Lord fills the heaven and earth with His presence (Jeremiah 23:24).
- God Is Inescapable
We cannot escape God. There is nowhere we can hide from Him. This fills the hearts of those who follow God with joy and fills the hearts with fear of those who disobey Him.
Where is your God when these bad things take place in this world? – This is a complaint from those who do not know the Lord and His ways. Instead of looking into our own sinfulness, we attack the character of God.
If we dissect this complaint further, then we find…
- The question pre-supposes that God exists.
- The question pre-supposes that there is evil in the world
- The question overrides the fact that there is so much good happening in the world too.
We agree that there is so much bad taking place, but at the same time there is so much good taking place too. We know that there are kind people, good charities, medical sciences and organizations that work tirelessly in order to bring aid to this hurting world.
We learn from the Bible that God did an ultimate good to this world by sending His Son Jesus Christ into this world. We learn in Colossians 1:17 that this world was created through Christ and in Him we have our being. The Lord Jesus veiled His glory and He became flesh and dwelt among us (John 1:4).
Jesus also said, “wherever there are two or three gathered in My Name, I will be present there.”
- Omnipotent God
I praise You, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made. Wonderful are Your work (Psalm 139:14)
In Hebrew language God is called ‘El Shaddai,’ which means God is almighty. The title designates to divine power. The power of God is revealed in the following.
God’s omnipotent is seen all over this particular Psalm. Omnipotentence of God overarches omnipresence and omniscience of God. He is omniscient and omnipresent because He has all power to achieve these attributes of His.
- God’s Power in Creation
In the beginning God created heavens and the earth. He also created animals, trees, clouds and everything else we see in this world. It is written his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made (Romans 1:20).
He formed man and woman with His great power and breathed life into them. We are fearfully and wonderfully made. He knew us even before we came into being.
- God’s Power in His Sovereignty
God’s ultimate power is revealed in His government. He is great in power, justice and abundant righteousness. God is sovereign because He has power to be sovereign. No plan of yours can be hindered (Job 42:2). Kingdoms rise and fall but nobody has the power to overthrow God’s sovereignty. His power is unmatchable in heaven or on earth. God doesn’t need anybody to defend Him or protect Him. He has power to bring His plans to come to pass in this world.
- God’s Power in Salvation
The gospel is the power of God for salvation unto those who believe (Romans 1:16).
C H Spurgeon writes, “Every conversion is a display of omnipotence of God.”
The Lord Jesus conquered sin and death on the cross of Calvary. There is no other person, prophet or power that can save humankind from the penalty of sin apart from Him. God has the power to justify and to forgive. Jesus said, “things which are impossible with men, are possible with God.’
God is an omniscient, omnipresent and omnipotent God. This knowledge should fill every Christian with great love, zeal, delight and reverence for God.
God is in control and He knows what He is doing. So, we can rest our hope in Him. He remembers those who do good and bad and one day the books of remembrance will be opened when He will judge the world.
God knows all our weakness and trials. He is always there for His people. He hears prayers of His people because He is able to hear us and answer according to His will. God is a pleasant help in our time of need.